About Type 2 Diabetes

If you have type 2 diabetes, you're not alone. Did you know that type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes? In fact, 90 to 95% of all diabetes cases in America are type 2.

You probably already know that when you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin, a hormone that helps lower glucose, and your body may not use the insulin it produces effectively.

Without the right amount of insulin, glucose can build up in your bloodstream. Because high blood glucose can seriously affect your health, monitoring and managing your blood glucose numbers is an important part of your treatment plan.

Signs of high blood sugar levels

If you're undiagnosed and are experiencing any of these type 2 diabetes symptoms, it's important to talk to your doctor.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include the following:

  • Excessive thirst and frequent bathroom trips
  • Extreme hunger
  • Fatigue, or feeling of being "run down"
  • Tingling or burning pain in the feet, legs, hands, or other body parts
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow healing of cuts and bruises
  • Blurred vision


While the exact causes of type 2 diabetes aren't completely understood, we do know that hereditary factors such as family history and race, as well as your age, can predispose you to the condition. Environmental or lifestyle factors can also be triggers for people with a genetic predisposition to the condition.

Risk factors include:

  • Your age (as you get older, your risk for type 2 diabetes goes up)
  • Your race (African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans have a higher risk for type 2 diabetes)
  • Your family history
  • Being overweight
  • High blood glucose (sugar)
  • A history of diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes (for women)
  • High blood pressure
  • Unhealthy cholesterol levels
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • Unhealthy eating


Healthy eating and physical activity can help some people with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar levels.

However, if these aren't enough to keep your numbers where you want them to be, your doctor may prescribe oral medications, such as TRADJENTA, to help you lower your blood glucose numbers. Managing your blood sugar is important as it may mean a lower A1C number.

Your doctor can help you choose a treatment plan that works for you, and we've created a Doctor Discussion Guide with helpful questions and tips to help you get the conversation started

Something To Talk About

Regular A1C testing can help your doctor monitor your progress and make any adjustments that are necessary to help you manage your blood glucose and A1C number. Talk to your doctor about any symptoms you may experience, and about any treatment options you may be considering.

Go to the Doctor Discussion Guide now.


TRADJENTA is a prescription medicine that is used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes.

TRADJENTA is not for people with type 1 diabetes or for people with diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in the blood or urine).

If you have had inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) in the past, it is not known if you have a higher chance of getting pancreatitis while you take TRADJENTA.


What is the most important information I should know about TRADJENTA?

Serious side effects can happen to people taking TRADJENTA, including inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which may be severe and lead to death. Before you start taking TRADJENTA, tell your doctor if you have ever had pancreatitis, gallstones, a history of alcoholism, or high triglyceride levels.

Stop taking TRADJENTA and call your doctor right away if you have pain in your stomach area (abdomen) that is severe and will not go away. The pain may be felt going from your abdomen through to your back. The pain may happen with or without vomiting. These may be symptoms of pancreatitis.

Who should not take TRADJENTA?

Do not take TRADJENTA if you are allergic to linagliptin or any of the ingredients in TRADJENTA.

Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction to TRADJENTA may include rash, itching, flaking or peeling; raised red patches on your skin (hives); swelling of your face, lips, tongue and throat that may cause difficulty breathing or swallowing. If you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, stop taking TRADJENTA and call your doctor or go to the emergency room right away.

What should I tell my doctor before using TRADJENTA?

Tell your doctor about all your medical conditions, including if you have or have had inflammation of your pancreas (pancreatitis).

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. TRADJENTA may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how TRADJENTA works. Especially tell your doctor if you take

  • other medicines that can lower your blood sugar. If you take TRADJENTA with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as sulfonylurea or insulin, your risk of getting low blood sugar is higher. The dose of your sulfonylurea or insulin may need to be lowered while you take TRADJENTA.
  • rifampin (Rifadin®, Rimactane®, Rifater®, Rifamate®)*, an antibiotic that is used to treat tuberculosis.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

What are the possible side effects of TRADJENTA?

TRADJENTA may cause serious side effects, including

  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), especially if you take TRADJENTA with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, confusion, irritability, hunger, fast heartbeat, sweating, or feeling jittery.
  • Allergic (hypersensitivity) reactions can happen after your first dose or up to 3 months after starting TRADJENTA. Symptoms may include swelling of your face, lips, throat, and other areas on your skin; difficulty with swallowing or breathing; raised, red areas on your skin (hives); skin rash, itching, flaking, or peeling.

The most common side effects of TRADJENTA include stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, cough and diarrhea.

These are not all the possible side effects of TRADJENTA. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


For more safety information, please see Medication Guide and full Prescribing Information.

*The brands listed are trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The makers of these brands are not affiliated with and do not endorse Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., or its products.