About Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, you're not alone. Did you know that type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes? In fact, 90 to 95% of all diabetes cases in America are type 2.
You probably already know that when you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin, a hormone that helps lower glucose, and your body may not use the insulin it produces effectively.
Without the right amount of insulin, glucose can build up in your bloodstream. Because high blood glucose can seriously affect your health, monitoring and managing your blood glucose numbers is an important part of your treatment plan.
Signs of high blood sugar levels
If you're undiagnosed and are experiencing any of these type 2 diabetes symptoms, it's important to talk to your doctor.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include the following:
- Excessive thirst and frequent bathroom trips
- Extreme hunger
- Fatigue, or feeling of being "run down"
- Tingling or burning pain in the feet, legs, hands, or other body parts
- Unexplained weight loss
- Frequent infections
- Slow healing of cuts and bruises
- Blurred vision
While the exact causes of type 2 diabetes aren't completely understood, we do know that hereditary factors such as family history and race, as well as your age, can predispose you to the condition. Environmental or lifestyle factors can also be triggers for people with a genetic predisposition to the condition.
Risk factors include:
- Your age (as you get older, your risk for type 2 diabetes goes up)
- Your race (African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans have a higher risk for type 2 diabetes)
- Your family history
- Being overweight
- High blood glucose (sugar)
- A history of diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes (for women)
- High blood pressure
- Unhealthy cholesterol levels
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy eating
Healthy eating and physical activity can help some people with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar levels.
However, if these aren't enough to keep your numbers where you want them to be, your doctor may prescribe oral medications, such as TRADJENTA, to help you lower your blood glucose numbers. Managing your blood sugar is important as it may mean a lower A1C number.
Your doctor can help you choose a treatment plan that works for you, and we've created a Doctor Discussion Guide with helpful questions and tips to help you get the conversation started
Something To Talk About
Regular A1C testing can help your doctor monitor your progress and make any adjustments that are necessary to help you manage your blood glucose and A1C number. Talk to your doctor about any symptoms you may experience, and about any treatment options you may be considering.